Inlandia Journeys Teen Issue is Live!

Submerged by Shaina Boal

I’m so excited about the latest teen issue of Inlandia, which is live now!

“Despite the notion that we are voiceless, it seems to me that the challenge of a good creative writing instructor is to teach students that they do indeed have a voice and that their voice, that all our voices in concert, have meaning. … We should be struggling with our students as writers, and students of writing, to leave behind something worth protecting, worth defending, something that contributes to the growth of this culture.”–Jon Chopan, Glimmer Train bulletin 137, June, 2018

Renewed Popularity of Poetry Leads to Teen Issue

According to findings by the National Endowment for the Arts, in under a decade, the number of poetry readers in the United States almost doubled to a total of 28 million adults–and that was before self-isolation during the pandemic began. I saw a similar increase in teens wanting to read poetry in my school library over the last several years. The most popular events each year were an open mic night for all writers (including songwriters) and a blackout poetry contest. Wouldn’t it be great, I thought, to give our teens a venue for their work? Thus, three years ago, we launched our first all-teen issue of Inlandia.

Caterpillar by Avalon Anderson

Teens Being Heard during a Pandemic

As the coronavirus pandemic has affected so many, this particular launch has been a tough one. While I hope that their families and friends are healthy, our teens had to exit school and leave off regular interaction with their friends. They lost their proms and graduations. I’d like this issue to remind us all that we can still make connections through the creative arts. Teen stories matter.

Colibrí Libre by Kimberly Saucedo-Montoya

Editors’ Choice Winners Spring 2020

Congratulations to all the teens whose work was selected. A special shout out goes to our editors’ choice winners in four categories:

Poetry : Lauren Kawecki for “Persephone” and “Dichotomy of Light

Image: Shaina Boal for “Submerged

Nonfiction: Sydney Burr for “This Political Op-Ed is Not About Trump

Fiction: Max Endieveri for “Leda and the Swan

Advice from Teen Inlandia Issue Editors

We had a wonderful group of teen editors for this issue, all of whom had thoughtful responses to the submissions. Our teen editors-in-chief have been with us from the first teen issue in 2018. I appreciate Kiyani and Stephanie more than I can say! If you are a teen writer, check out the interviews with the teen co-editors-in-chief to see what they look for when they read submissions. Their comments are very insightful and an emerging writer will find them very useful. Please check out their thoughts on what they admire in the work they select, what books they recommend to our readers, and what resources they recommend to writers. Stephanie Martinez-Beltram is interviewed here. Kiyani Carter is interviewed here.

As we complete our tenth year of Inlandia: A Literary Journey, I wish you joyous and insightful reading! Thank you for taking this journey with us.

Other Teen Issues of Inlandia: A Literary Journey

Note: If you are a classroom teacher or a teacher librarian, please share the teen issue with your writers, artists, as well as book and writing club members. It’s great summer reading and the advice on submissions is valuable.

To have a look at our other teen issues, see 2018 here and 2019 here.

Posted in Fiction, Grief, Non-fiction, Short Stories, Young Adult Literature | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

School’s Out? Time for Audiobooks

Home page image of AudioFile Sync

In the past, I have posted about the great AudioFile Sync Audiobooks for Teens program. While it’s advertised as a summer program, it begins April 30 and goes for thirteen weeks.

Typically, a great YA book (fiction or nonfiction) is paired with another book that is thematically similar. The second book may be another YA book or possibly a classic.

You’re probably out of school right now, practicing social distancing. Now is a good time to sign up for the Sync program. Because you have time.

If social distancing continues, your parents will involve you in spring cleaning around the house. And while you’re cleaning, you can listen to great books. If you can’t get library books becasue your library is closed, thsi will be one option.

Each pair of books is only available for one week. If you miss it, you can’t download it. Catch it and it’s free—and you can listen at anytime. Sign up now and you will receive emails each week. You won’t miss a single one!

Happy listening!

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Communist Rule in South Vietnam: Behind the Red Curtain

Cover image of “Behind the Red Curtain.”

The Fall of Saigon

Behind the Red Curtain by Hong-My Basrai details the life of a Vietnamese family during and after the 1975 fall of Saigon. As the book opens, Hong-My is a thirteen-year-old girl with typical concerns about puberty. However, her life is soon to become anything but ordinary. Her Northern Vietnamese parents had escaped the Vietminh in 1945, settling in Saigon, ‘the jewel of the orient.’ They never believed it would fall to the North. 

“The first waves of evacuees from different parts of the South caused confusion, then for the first time, panic in people like my parents, people who had been too busy raising their families, too naïve in politics, uninformed, trusting their government and the might of America. Still, they continued to be in denial. Saigon would never fail, could not. America was on our side, and America was undefeatable.”

Even as the Vietminh enter the city, the Les believe they have time to escape the country. Tragically, their wait with the crowd outside the American Embassy is futile. It is just the beginning of a seven-year nightmare. 

Communist Rule in South Vietnam: The Loss of Privacy and Property

When Communist rule becomes an imminent reality, the Les know how bad things will get and prepare by erasing the evidence of their affluent lives—burning journals, books, and photographs and by giving away possessions. When the country changes currency and sets a maximum on what is allowed, the family loses much of their lifetime savings. Common necessities such as soap and toothpaste become luxuries; living space is condensed. Representatives of the state—real or masquerading—violate privacy, steal property and frighten residents. While the state party line is that, now, all countrymen are equal, “[t]he people of Saigon concurred: ‘We are all equal slaves of the State.’”

In a family with nine children, Hong-My is the eldest of the ‘second set.’ The five older siblings are out of the country receiving western educations and establishing themselves in professions. As the remaining family members struggle with privations under the Communist regime, they learn to rely on gifts and packages from their relatives outside the country—items that they can sell on the black market. 

Communist Rule in South Vietnam: Education and Professional Lives Destroyed

When school resumes under Communist rule, a large part of the day is consumed with lessons on ‘Uncle Ho’ and the new regime. The irony of having religious icons replaced by the photo of Ho Chi Minh in every household is not lost on young Hong-My. She sees that this new life is controlled by “a merciless and ignorant government that starved its citizens and deprived them of food, fuel and medicine.”

While the Le parents do as much as they can to continue with their past lives, their professions are destroyed. Mrs. Le is referred to as ‘Madame Pharmacist’ by all her neighbors, but she can no longer secure medicines to sell. Still, Hong-My and her three younger siblings have moments of normalcy between repeated storms. They play imaginative games, beg for ghost stories from her grandmother’s maid, and pray with their pious Catholic grandmother.

The heart of Behind the Red Curtain consists of the nearly unimaginable difficulties of escaping to freedom; the details of repeated failed plans; the brushes with injury and death by land and by sea; the loss of savings; and the work to start over and over again. The tenacity of the family, their collective will power as they help one another through everything, including imprisonment, is inspiring. 

The Difficulties of Escape from South Vietnam

Escape plans and the glitches that can’t be anticipated lead family members to prison more than once. There, the simplest tasks such as bathing or using the toilet become all consuming.  Hong-My’s last imprisonment in Chí-Hòa, Hồ Chí Minh City’s massive prison—widely known as Hỏa Lò Bát Giác (the Octagonal Oven)—is the nearest to spirit-breaking. 

Yet through her many trials, the author becomes convinced that “as long as the mind was not affected, in it was a person’s salvation. In it was the ultimate refuge. In it shone our sanction. If it still aspired for beauty, it could create heaven from thin air, a reasoning creature from dust, like God.”

Refugee Stories Connect Us to Humanity

Reading the stories of refugees is always important, perhaps now more than ever. They remind us that people don’t put themselves in danger, hoping to enter the United States, because they’re bored with their homelands. They escape because life without freedom is not worth living. Learning the nightmare details of escape connects us to humanity—others’ and our own.

“She had to tell the world what had happened after the last helicopter left Saigon, after the curtain had come down. How her family and she—the young girl who no longer dared to dream—had survived the collapse of the only world they had known, to face the Red Regime, the loss of freedom that came with it, the deprivation of basic rights, and how they had clawed their way out.”

High School Housekeeping

Behind the Red Curtain is a good choice for an assignment with the purpose of understanding immigrants and refugees: why they leave home, what they suffer in order to begin a new life. It’s a good choice for a middle school (junior high) or high school library purchase

Posted in Adventure Stories, Biography/Memoir, Family Problems, Fiction, Grief, Human Rights Issues, Multicultural | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Parameters of the YA Novel: Is Bridge of Clay Still YA?

Image of book cover for Bridge of Clay

Bridge of Clay and YA Novels

What are the parameters of the YA novel? Is Markus Zusak’s Bridge of Clay still YA? I asked myself this as I read this gorgeous novel. If you’re writing a novel that focuses on the protagonist(s) during the teen years, you might wonder if this automatically makes it a Young Adult work. Looking at Bridge of Clay helps us to understand that the answer is no. Whether a book is YA depends on much more than the age of the characters. Though the parameters of the YA novel have changed over the years, this truth remains: teens read to find themselves in books (as do we all).  

Over the past two years, I’ve collected a stack of YA novels that I haven’t had time to read because real life has been interfering. (Full confession: I actually have about two hundred unread books on my book shelves at home, but most are not YA and most have been there for more than two years. You are a reader/writer, so I know you have the same addiction/hoarding problem and that your sympathies are with me.) Bridge of Clay was published in the US in 2018. I picked it up because I loved The Book Thief and figured it was a good bet that I’d love this one, too. 

I was right on the bet—and next week I will talk about some of the things Zusak does in the novel that make it such a moving reading experience. But I’m puzzled about why it has been marketed as YA. I asked some other teacher librarians. Two have Bridge of Clay in their high school libraries, but no one (including them) has read it. Another read it and loved it, but doesn’t have it in their grade 6-12 library. The last, who is retired, read it and loved it. He noted that Bridge of Clay is marketed as an adult book outside the US. (He wrote a review of the novel here.)

Bridge of Clay Overview

The outline of the story: Five Australian boys are deserted by their father after their mother dies of cancer. They become pretty wild, are a rough and tumble lot. They are desperate for meaning and for love. “We swore like bastards, fought like contenders, and punished each other.” There are, of course, secrets and the author shifts and sifts through time in order to bring them out. In order to fully understand their lot and the outcome, we need to encounter many weird pets, a piano, problems at school, running in a self-punishing manner, Greek tragedies, horse racing, girlfriends, the deadbeat dad, the dad in the days when he was a better man, the history of the mother all the way back to the Soviet Union, and finally the building of a mortarless bridge.So, yes–it’s a long book, wandering book. As it’s not my objective to write a review, have a look at the Washington Post’s Ron Charles’ take for a thoughtful one.

The Parameters of YA Change (a bit)

I spent many years as a high school teacher librarian. I’ve read many hundreds of YA novels, booktalked more than I could count, and have reviewed some of those I’ve enjoyed. I’m currently writing a contemporary YA novel.

Having spent so much time with YA fiction, I’ve recognized some changes over the years. In my earliest foray into YA, I found that parents were absent, emotionally absent, or, if present, often the cause of all the conflict that made the novel interesting. All the novels centered on teen problems–family issues, drug addiction, emotional or physical abuse, school problems, bullying. In an Atlantic article on what “YA” means, Michael Cart, well-known expert on YA Literature, is quoted as saying that YA traditionally discusses “problems, issues, and life circumstances of interest to young readers aged approximately 12-18.” 

It’s still true that, in some way, the kids in YA are being tossed to the curb. Whether the book takes place in contemporary life, in another world, in the past or the future, teens have troubles and usually lack competent helpers. The Hunger Games is a truly horrifying (and riveting) example. But all the way back, decades ago, I can remember simple setups using the above mentioned issues–Staying Fat for Sarah Byrnes, The Chocolate War, The Outsiders, Summer of My German Soldier. Periodically, more nuanced adults appeared. An example is in Judy Blume’s Forever, (even though elements of the novel read like a cautionary guide on STDs and pregnancy). Deliver Us From Evie by M. E. Kerr, the 1990s story of a gay girl living in a small conservative and judgmental farming community, includes parents who are ahead of the fictional parenting curve. 

Current Parameters Include Adult Emotional Complications

Yet, it seems to me that more recently YA books have gotten more emotionally complicated. Either that or by sheer luck I am just reading more complicated ones. There will always be a place for the long, repetitive bloody hell of books like those in the Divergent series. But when I read a novel like The Field Guide to the North American Teenager, I think it’s more nuanced. We have the set-up with the main character expecting to move through all the teen drama cliches, but the author flips these over. And the parents flip with them. Their lives are also complicated, and they are trying their best. Sometimes, as in this novel, that’s all a lot of fun. In the Atlantic article mentioned above, Michael Cart, also says that these days, young adults encompass the ages between 10-25 years. When we consider that people up to the age of thirty are regularly reading YA fiction, we can see why adults are now portrayed differently than they had been in earlier works. 

Why Bridge of Clay is not YA

Yet, even with the changes to YA fiction, I don’t see Bridge of Clay as belonging to that group. I’m afraid to say this because I think someone will conclude that I find teens mentally dull, incapable of working through (or of loving) a difficult piece of literature. This is far from the truth. I’ve spent too many years around teens both as an English teacher and a high school librarian to be able to ignore the deep thinkers. August by Bernard Beckett comes to mind when I want to recommend a weirdly philosophical book.

My issue more or less boils down to this: When readers select books outside their age category, it appears that adults read ‘down’ to an earlier age. Teens don’t read far ‘up.’ This makes sense. All adults were once teens and before that, children. They have the real life experiences that are the topics of the books. They may still be trying to work out some of their childhood and teen issues. Think of the popularity of Wonder with adults, which really is a middle grade book. If teens read to find themselves in books, they might not be able to do so when the characters are significantly older. (Be honest: did you want to read about a midlife crisis when you were sixteen?)

So–it’s not that there aren’t teens who would connect with this wonderful novel. But I think they are the same ones (the few, in my experience) who read mostly adult fiction.

The Lesson for the YA Writer

This is my point for YA writers: if your novel has adults looking back over the entirety of their lives, and if they are reflecting on it with adult sensibilities; if you are coming at the action, characters and theme through an oblique message and style, you probably aren’t going to have many YA readers. You are writing an adult novel. 

Quite possibly a very good one. Bridge of Clay is an example of that circuitous walk through youth into adulthood. 

Note: On my writing blog, I continue to look at some of the things that Zusak does that make his writing so lovely. (Less about the book and more about the words, sentences, and use of figurative language.) I’m not going to post that here as this blog is more about the books, but if you are interested in discussions of writing, please subscribe to VictoriaWaddle.

Posted in Family Problems, Fiction, Grief, Over 375 pages, Young Adult Literature | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

One Important Secret: Balance. Character, Emotion, and Story in Far from the Tree

Image of road signs.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

Since I am on a YA fiction jag, I want to have a quick look at why National Book Award winning Far from the Tree by Robin Benway is so good. Happily, all the things that make this novel work are things that will work for anyone writing at any level and in any genre: a balance of character, emotion, and story. (While I typically review books here, this post is one I wrote for writers. I want to share here as well as on my writing blog because Far from the Tree is a book for so many YA readers and makes a great booktalk for librarians.)

As stated on the book cover, Far from the Tree grapples with the question “What does it mean to be a family?” It’s the story of three half-siblings who were all given up by their biological parents. The two girls, Grace and Maya, are adopted into two families. Grace remains an only child whereas Maya’s parents received a ‘second miracle’ within months of her adoption and become pregnant with Maya’s younger sister Lauren. The boy, Joaquin, remains in foster care throughout his life, but has found a couple who would like to adopt him as a teen.

Balance: The even appeal of the three characters

Image of book cover for Far from the Tree.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

The key to the beauty of Far from the Tree is balance. I’ve never read a novel that so evenly handles all aspects of character, plot, and emotional range. All three of the main characters are fully developed and equally empathetic. Each of them has significant joy and pain. Each has a deeply developed internal as well as external life. These are the elements that appeal to readers. When each is fully realized, the reader falls for everyone–so every chapter is interesting, and there’s no lag in the storyline.

Keeping that one important secret: Grace

Image of baby doll.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

The reader is introduced to Grace first. She got pregnant in her sophomore year of high school. She delivers the baby, whom she thinks of as ‘Peach,’ the following school year on the night of Homecoming–as her ex-boyfriend is being crowned Homecoming King. Grace’s parents are supportive of her decision to give Peach up for adoption. And though she believes Peach will have a better home and parenting, Grace loves and misses the baby. This is the reason she seeks out her siblings and looks for her biological mother. It seems strange that she wouldn’t tell her newly found siblings about Peach, but she has been called names like ‘slut’ and been told that her former boyfriend had found a ‘nice girl,’ as though she managed to produce the baby by herself.

Keeping that one important secret: Maya

Image of beer bottle with flowers.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

Maya has a girlfriend named Claire, and her family is very supportive of their relationship. But both she and her sister Lauren are keeping the secret that their mother is an alcoholic. They often find hidden bottles around the house. So, not only does Claire not know about Maya’s mom, but neither of the newly discovered siblings know. Lauren is worried that Maya will dump her as a sister now that she has found biological half-siblings. Despite Maya’s propensity to talk a lot when she’s nervous, she skips what matters most to each of the people she values. 

Keeping that one important secret: Joaquin

Image of wishing box.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

Joaquin has a few secrets, but they all involve his fear that he is unadoptable because of his temper. He has much more serious trust issues than the two girls, naturally. He’s lived in seventeen foster homes. We learn quickly that in adoptions, girls are more desired than boys, and white girls are most desired. So Joaquin, whose father is Latinx and whose skin is darker, has less of a chance at adoption. When his current foster parents, who genuinely love him, ask him if they can adopt him, he’s afraid that someone will get hurt. He doesn’t tell anyway that they have asked him. He breaks up with his girlfriend, Birdie, because he thinks he’ll never be able to give her what she needs.

Letting Go of that One Important Secret: Joy

Image of dog checking out a heart made of pebbles.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

The fact that each of the three characters keeps a major secret seems very natural–they have good reasons for being on their guard–but by holding back, they are giving each other an entirely wrong idea of who they are. This is just one example:

“Maya wondered if Grace was lying. Grace seemed like the kind of girl who would wait her whole life so she could lose her virginity on her wedding night, who would read Cosmo articles about how to give him the best blow job of his life! But never actually say the word blow job. Which was fine–Maya wasn’t about to start telling someone what they should do with their body of whatever–but being next to someone that perfect made Maya just want to be messier, dirtier, louder.”

Once the three siblings reach out to one another about their issues, they have the opportunity to develop trust. And through trust, they can find love and joy.

Balance: Uncommonly well done

Image of Channel Island poppy.
Photo by Victoria Waddle

As Grace, Maya, and Joaquin negotiate the territory between their Internal and external lives, Benway propels the story in a straightforward/chronological manner. Each of the three siblings are given their own alternating chapters. They very soon connect emotionally and their care and concern will drive them to take chances with one another and with others in their lives. Grace has a tenacious desire to find their birth mom. Since she misses Peach, she believes their mother must have loved and missed them. Maya and Joaquin don’t hold the same view–the fast talking Maya points out that their bio mom gave the toddler Joaquin away to strangers. But what they discover about their origins will give them all a sort of peace and trust that will help them throughout their lives.

This beautiful balance is something that any writer (of any genre for any age group) should strive for. A reader who is all-in throughout the novel is probably going to pick up and read the next one too.

Other Sources for Hints on Balanced Writing

For more advice on how to tell a good story, see my post on recent books for writers. If you want to read other YA fiction that strikes balance in a very different way, try Challenger Deep (mental illness/the real and unreal) and Not a Drop to Drink (the need for survival in a permanent, climate-change induced drought balanced against the need to continue to trust and love).

Posted in Family Problems, Fiction, Young Adult Literature | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Hope in the Mail

Image of “Hope in the Mail”
A good choice for pep talks.

Wendelin Van Draanen, author of Hope in the Mail: Reflections on Writing and Life, wrote one of my favorite YA novels, The Running Dream. (I wrote a review of The Running Dream here. Check it out–and check out the book!) She’s also the author of the perennial teen favorite Flipped as well as the super popular middle school mystery series Sammy Keyes. I was delighted to see that she’d written a book about writing–Hope in the Mail: Reflections on Writing and Life

Hope in the Mail: Focus Topics

I’ve read a variety of books for the emerging writer, and each focuses on different topics. Van Draanen is very good at showing how ordinary life experiences build the sort of character it takes to weather the writing life (think tough experiences that build grit or tenancy). Although she does discuss her experiences in the publishing industry (more on that below), this is not a book about the business of writing. If you are interested in that as the main topic, see my review of Jane Friedman’s The Business of Writing and Kristen Lamb’s Rise of the Machines.

Van Draanen grew up in a large Dutch-American family, one that suffered major tragedies when she was young: the loss of the family business to arson and the death of her father. She began to write after the burning of the family business because she “needed to kill off some bad guys.” She has an “unshakable belief that writing saved [her] life.” I know many writers feel this. If you are a young writer, particularly one who is interested in writing for tweens and teens, you many find some good advice in these pages. “No matter how young you are, you have experience. You have knowledge. You have feelings and observations and thoughts that are worthy of exploration. . . . It’s often the small stories with universal messages that touch us most deeply.”

Some of the topics the author covers include developing the things that readers notice and will evaluate when they discuss the book: author voice; characters modeled on the people around you; looking at the world through the eyes of the characters; developing setting; being clear on backstory including that of villains; building your world; and allowing weird events (and dreams) to open up writing possibilities.

Writing Advice: Underlying Issues

Van Draanen also helps the new writer to understand underlying issues in writing that may be less evident to the reader: hidden architecture; just what theme is in a novel (and how much young people hate overt ‘message’ books); the need for both great plots and beautiful language. A major issue that a new writer may not have considered is how hard it is to finish a novel in what can seem like an endless ‘revise, rinse, repeat’ cycle. She also cautions the writer about research: “A novel is not a how-to manual or a dumping ground for information. It’s a story. If your research contributes to the believability of the story or adds to its texture, use it. Once your reader senses that they’re being ‘educated’ you’ve gone too far.”

Advice particular to authors of chapter books (ratio of illustrations to text), authors of series and sequels is especially helpful to those writing for young people. By showing the specific influences of the writing of each of her own novels, both stand-alone and those in a series, Van Draanen give wonderful examples of how her ideas/suggestions/advice work in real life.

The Experience of Being a Published Author

Lastly, Van Draanen discusses what it’s like to be a published author. Again, she doesn’t tell you how to publish and promote yourself, but rather narrates her experiences with agents, editors, book titles and covers and more.

“Putting hope in the mail means putting yourself–your work, your wishes–out there however you can. It means actively creating the possibility for good things to happen.”

Hope in the Mail: Writing Advice for Young Writers

High School Housekeeping: If you are a teen writer looking for advice, this is a great book to start with.

Note: I wrote this post for my blog on writers and writing. Since Hope in the Mail seems to be the perfect book for teens hoping to write novels–and is written by a favorite YA author–I decided to add it here as well.

Posted in How-to, Young Adult Literature | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Field Guide to the North American Teenager


Image of novel ‘The Field Guide to the North American Teenager’

Yes, there’s a joke about a moose.

Being a Teen=Lack of Control Over Life

Smack in the middle of his junior year of high school, Norris Kaplan has to move from Montreal, Canada to Austin, Texas when his mom secures a professorship at the University of Texas. He is sad and angry, a truly depressed guy. He’d wanted to stay in Montreal with his dad, but dad is concentrating on his second wife and new baby boy. Norris isn’t great at making friends, and is leaving behind the one person who is close to him.

The second Norris’ plane lands, he believes all of his preconceived notions about Austin–and Texas and the states in general–are true. It’s 104 degrees and Norris has a problem with excess sweating. No one in the airport understands the hockey team logo on his shirt. Everything he can see as he and his mother drive away appears bland and supersized.

Norris Kaplan

Norris is the child of Haitian immigrant parents. He worries that being a Black, French Canadian will make him stick out and become an object of ridicule. The notion that he appears exotic to the Texans is immediately reinforced by the admissions officer at school who continues to try to speak French to him although he keeps telling her he speaks English.

Norris has two major coping mechanisms: he jots observations in a notebook he keeps in his pocket (thus the title of the novel), and he makes snarky, even nasty remarks to everyone he meets as a way of getting in the first punch. While this sort of behavior works well in the TV programs he’s seen about America schools, it isn’t earning him any friends in real life.

Each chapter begins with a few of Norris’ notebook observations. He covers jocks, cheerleaders, loners, part-time jobs, parties, flirting and more. His observations are wry and very funny. The thing is–while some ring true, many are unfair, and this will come back to bite him. Hard.

The Austin, Texas Social Hierarchy

When a group of cheerleaders accidentally slams a door into Norris, the alpha girl assumes he is spying on her. Another appears to sympathize with him and a third gets into a major argument, full of boyfriend drama, with the alpha girl. The one who argues–Aarti Puri, is the child of immigrants from India. She is nothing like the other cheerleaders and doesn’t like hanging out with them. She’s into the arts, particularly photography. Norris sees a kindred spirit in this Manic Pixie Dream Girl, a possible future girlfriend. In the sympathetic girl, Madison (Norris knew one of the girls had to be named Madison!) has a connection to Aarti as well as a possible part-time job. He views Madison as a beta cheerleader, one who is kind, meets everyone else’s needs, and doesn’t ask enough for herself.

Finally, Norris meets Liam, a loner who speaks in a monotone. They connect because Liam wants to learn how to play ice hockey and Norris is the only person he can go to. Liam is even more observant than Norris and has more patience with human error. He’s a great foil.

Read The Field Guide to the North American Teenager

The Field Guide to the North American Teenager is full of laughs and wit. It’s great fun to eventually sympathize with all teens in the novel–who each has his or her own charms. I highly recommend this novel.

The author, Ben Philippe, had an interview with NPR that you might want to check out (it’s very short). He said something important about Black male characters, so I’ll add it here:

“I think when it comes to black male characters, there’s often the — I call it the Barack and Trayvon dichotomy, whereas either you’re given someone who’s perfect, who’s almost bigger than life, who’s going to end up becoming President, essentially, or you’re given the tragedy, you’re given all the potential that’s going to get snuffed out from the world. And people say that, you know, Norris doesn’t really have a thing — he’s not this amazing talent or political activist. And that’s exactly what I was aiming for.”

But Norris is witty, deeply-feeling, and he learns to correct his course. So–very much a teenager the reader relates to.

High School Housekeeping: I think readers at every level would enjoy this and come away the better for having read it as it will undoubtedly create empathy. There is a lot of colorful language and as Norris says, he’s the blasphemer in the group. Unless that is a problem, you will love this one.

Posted in Family Problems, Fiction, Humor, Multicultural, Romance, Sports, Young Adult Literature | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Teen Writers! Submit Your Work NOW!

Call for Submissions for a Special Teen Issue of Inlandia: A Literary Journey

Now accepting fiction, poetry, nonfiction, graphic novel excerpts, zine excerpts, book reviews, and art for a special issue of Inlandia: A Literary Journey, Inlandia Institute’s online literary journal. Submissions are open to anyone ages 13 – 19. We are also looking for guest editors for this issue. See past teen issues here and here to get a sense of the teen work that has been published. See the FAQs on the submissions page for more information.

Deadline is February 15, 2020


Submissions open on December 15, 2019

Submissions close on February 15, 2020.

Guidelines for submission

  • You may submit work in more than one category, but please do not submit more than one entry for any category, except poetry and art (you may submit up to five poems or works of art).
  • For fiction–there is no minimum word count. Stories should not be longer than 5,000 words. Stories must be self-contained. If you are submitting an excerpt from a novel, it must stand alone. Any genre is okay. 
  • For nonfiction–there is no minimum word count. Essays and creative nonfiction should not be longer than 3,000 words. Any topic is okay.
  • For poetry–you may submit 1-5 poems in a single document. If the formatting might be altered in a Word document, please submit as a PDF. No poem should be longer than one page.
  • For graphic novels/zines and the like–this is new to us, and we are leaving it a bit more open to see what comes in. Please submit as a PDF so the formatting is not lost. Consider that work that is very long–like its own graphic novel–will be too long to publish in a journal. Shorter will be better.
  • For book reviews–you must write the review yourself. Other than that, we are looking for reviews of titles that will interest teens. Whether those titles are fiction, nonfiction, YA or adult lit is up to you.
  • Art–we are looking for work that complements the written pieces and pulls the journal together as a cohesive whole. We won’t know what that is until we receive submissions, but since art is fluid and can be interpreted in many ways, we encourage you to show us some of yours. Submit 1-5 pieces as individual jpgs.


Where do I submit my work?

Submissions accepted only through our Submittable portal here. Mailed or emailed submissions will not be considered.

Is there a submission fee?

No, submissions are free.

How should I format my work?

Please use the following format:

  • Margins: one inch on all sides.
  • Font: something standard like Times New Roman. 
  • Spacing: double space your work, unless it is a poem and you want other spacing.
  • Header: Number the pages in the upper right. (You don’t need to number the first page, but if you can’t figure out how to make that go away, we won’t count it against you!)

Is there a type of work that you don’t want?

We will not accept pornographic material or work that degrades any gender, race, religion, ability level, etc. In other words, nothing demeaning of others.

I have a question that is not answered here. Who do I ask?Please email your question to Victoria Waddle at, and she will do her best to answer it.

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Focus on Teen Writers and Artists: Inlandia Launch

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Inlandia-Teen-2019-Cover-e1557118499842-967x1024.jpgThursday evening, the Inlandia Institute celebrated the launch of this spring’s

Image of woman.

Christina Guillen, Inlandia Institute Programs Coordinator, introducing teen readers.

teen issue of Inlandia: A Literary Journey at “Literature on the Lawn,” part of Riverside’s monthly Art Walk. Several of our teen writers and artists spoke as their family, friends, and Inland Empire community member listened. It was a delightful evening of focus on teen writers and artists.

Image of flyer advertising ‘Literature on the Lawn.’


Why Focus on Teens?


Image of teen reader.

Kiyani Carter, teen editor and writer

Last night I was at my writers’ workshop where I was having a nonfiction piece critiqued by other adults. In my essay, I had written a few paragraphs about something I’d learned in many years as a high school English teacher and a teacher-librarian. This small bit of my essay–it was about helping teens choose books to read–ended up being the most discussed section of my piece. Why?

The adults were fascinated that I have years consistently reading young adult books, things I could keep in the catalog of my mind for later book talks, to use for suggestions when a student would ask me if I had a book with someone just like him as protagonist and hero.

“I didn’t think of that–that every student wants a book with him or herself at the center.”


Write Your Own Story

Image of Victoria Waddle

Victoria discussing the process of creating the teen issue and congratulating the teens.


Well, of course they do. Sometimes they don’t find that book or that story or that poem, so they try to write it themselves. As Nobel winner Toni Morrison said,

  • “If there’s a book that you want to read, but it hasn’t been written yet, then you must write it.”

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Samantha Schmiedel



The reason I wanted to have a teen issue for the Inlandia Journal–and this is the second annual teen issue–is that it’s a good place for teens, particularly local Inland Empire teens, to write their experiences and have those experiences read. It’s as simple as that.

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Maihan Phan

 I love giving the teens the opportunity to be heard, I love having teen judges who are getting their first experience as being editors. And while I hope to give teens opportunities, many in this process faced their first rejection–in fact, 75% of the submissions didn’t make it to the journal. To each person whose work was not accepted, I sent notes about what did work in their pieces, encouraging them to keep writing. I want everyone to keep striving because the fact that the pieces weren’t ready doesn’t mean that they won’t be published with a bit more work. They are simply in progress.

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Aubrey Koyle

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Alissar Nahhas




Image of teacher and kids.

Loma Linda Academy teacher David Stone, with his kids, supporting the teen readers.


Thank You for Your Journey

Tonight, I want to thank all the teen editors for their work in reading the pieces. Their efforts are truly a sacrifice of time at a particularly busy point in the life of teens–the end of the school year. I want to thank all the teen writers for submitting. It’s a pleasure to feel the emotional resonance of your work, to see you writing yourself into your own story.

Image of students.

Creative Writing teacher Alejandro Cisneros (second from left) with Wren Levya, Alyssa Valenzuela, Violette Valencia and Vivyan Perez (left to right), all from Loma Vista Middle School.

Congratulations on your success!

Note: If you’re interested in submitting work for the next teen issue of Inlandia, subscribe to this blog, and you will receive notification of submission dates. (Right now, that appears to be October 15, 2019-Jan. 31, 2020.)

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Sync Audiobooks for Teens Free Now!

Image of AudioFiles Sync Program

I didn’t realize that AudioFiles summer Sync Program for teens has started this week! It’s a great program–free audiobooks for teens for ten weeks of the summer. Each week books are thematic pairs. Sometimes one is a classic and one is contemporary. Other times, they are books written within the same decade. Every time, they are excellent choices.

As someone who enjoys YA literature, and who has spent years making recommendations to teens, I’ve used the program often. I highly encourage all teens to sign up .

As you can see from the flyer, The first pair of books are Blink and Caution and Swing. I remember reading Blink and Caution when it came out, and loving it for so many reasons–the two desperate protagonists, the friendship they develop, the danger they face, the mystery. I reviewed it here. Now that the folks at AudioFile have chosen to pair it with Swing, I’m going to read that as my next YA fiction.

If you are a teacher or a librarian rather than a teen, please check out the program and encourage your students or patrons to sign up. Start immediately–the books are only available for free for one week ,and then they disappear!


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